Recently, we heard about virus called ” Novel Coronavirus“.  Everybody talking about this virus. so, we write about this article to understand better about Novel Coronavirus.

What is a Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. They are typically spread through airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals in humans. At the end of 2019, a new type of coronavirus emerged that help to make people sick in China. Now, New Coronavirus named as “COVID-19”  by WHO. On March 12, 2020, WHO declared COVID-19 outbreak became “global pandemic“.

At the end of 2019, a new type of coronavirus began making people sick in China. You might hear the virus called COVID-19. Some of the first cases were diagnosed in people who had visited a market selling live seafood and animals.

According to WHO,

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).  A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

It was discovered and detail described in the 1960s, the coronavirus gets name from a distinctive corona or crown-like shape from the envelope surrounding the particle. Encoding the virus’s make-up is the longest genome of any RNA-based virus – a single strand of nucleic acid roughly 26,000 to 32,000 bases long.

Coronaviruses COVID-19
This illustration, created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reveals ultrastructural morphology exhibited by the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Note the spikes that adorn the outer surface of the virus, which impart the look of a corona surrounding the virion, when viewed electron microscopically. Images from Wikipedia.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic meaning they are transmitted between animals and human. Previous coronavirus like SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to human. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. Now recently spread coronavirus (COVID-19), scientists believe to virus spread through live animal markets from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

How dangerous is the new coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) which is emerged from Wuhan, China in December. Noval Coronavirus (COVID-19) is transmitted more rapidly to humans compared to SARS, though it is less virulent. Scientists believe, one infected individuals can transmitted average 2 to 3 peoples.

Currently, COVID-19 infected more than 19 millions peoples confirmed case, more than 12 million recovery case, death case is more than 710000 and also increasing rapidly day by day. It infected more than 210 countries around the world. WHO confirmed the virus’ fatality rate is around 3.4%, but health experts predict it could ultimately be lower as more cases are reported. Most of those who have died were older age peoples or had other ailments that comprised their immune system much more vulnerable than the young. About 80% of patients have experienced mild symptoms, according to new report from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention that looked at 72,314 cases. It’s the largest analysis released so far. If we compared to SARS and MERS with COVID-19, SARS fatality rate is 10% and MERS fatality rate is 33%. For comparison, seasonal flu has a mortality rate below 0.1 per cent but it infects so many people that it results in about 400,000 deaths a year worldwide. Spanish flu infected an estimated 500m people and killed 50m worldwide in 1918-19.

How does the virus spread and what is the incubation period? 

The virus spread through airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals to other humans. The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 2-14 days, most commonly around five days but some of the study show upto 28 days.

Symptoms of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19)

  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Dry cough
  • Headaches and pains (some patients)
  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat or diarrhoea (rare)

Prevention from COVID-19

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

  • Wash your hands frequently with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water for at least 20 seconds
  • Maintain social distancing / Avoid close contact
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
  • Cover nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing with a tissue or flexed elbow
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
  • Avoid direct, unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals
  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked animal products and exercise care when handling raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods.

Coronavirus Explained by Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell (Must Watch)

Timetable of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Timeline of coronavirus (COVID-19)
Timeline of coronavirus (COVID-19) by Al Jazeera
Statistic: Number of cumulative cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) worldwide from January 22 to March 13, 2020, by day | Statista
Number of cumulative cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) by Statista

Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Nepal

Nepal confirmed its first and only case on 24 January 2020. The patient had only presented mild symptoms and had been discharged a week earlier with instructions to self-quarantine at home which is recovered from this virus. Nepal Government tested more than 419575 PCR method and 312402 RDT method on suspected individuals but 21750 of them has coronavirus positive and 65 death cases. Ministry of Health and population reported on June 28, coronavirus has spread to all 77 districts of Nepal.

The government has taken various precautions to prevent the spread of disease in Nepal. It evacuated Nepali students from Hubei in February and quarantined them in Bhaktapur, all of whom tested negative.

On 23rd March 2020, The Ministry of Health and Population has confirmed that one person who travelled to Nepal from France has tested positive for coronavirus. With this, two cases of the new coronavirus have been confirmed in Nepal.

Currently (6 August), Nepal detected 21750 confirmed case of novel coronavirus, 15389 recovered (which is 70.7% of total confirmed cases)  and 65 death from it.

On May 12, 83 peoples infected coronavirus cases in a single day. On May 25 and 26, 79  and 90 peoples infected with coronavirus respectively. It shows a coronavirus increase day by day. On May 27, 114 cases of coronavirus which is highest record in a single day. 156 cases of coronavirus infected peoples in a single day on May 28, which can cross more than 1000 coronavirus in the country. On May 29, 170 new cases of coronavirus which is the highest record in a single day. Another day (May 30) with highest new coronavirus cases which is 189 peoples infected. On May 31, 166 new cases of coronavirus. On June 1, 239 new cases of coronavirus which is highest increase in a single day. Day after day, Nepal experience 288 new cases of coronavirus on June 2. On June 3, 201 new cases of coronavirus reported. On June 4, 344 new cases emerge, which highest new cases in a single day. On June 5, 278 new cases of coronavirus. On June 6, 323 new cases show off. On June 7, 213 new cases discovered. On June 8, 314 new cases found. On June 9, 323 new cases found, which can cross more than 4000 coronavirus in the country. On June 10, 279 new cases of coronavirus. 250 new cases of coronavirus confirmed by Ministry of Health and Population on June 11. On June 12, 448 new cases of coronavirus that makes total more than 5000 coronavirus cases in the country. On June 13, 273 new cases arise.  On June 14, 425 new cases increase on a single day. On June 15, 451 new cases of coronavirus infected which is highest increase on a single day that makes total more than 6000 coronavirus confirm cases. On June 16, 380 new cases confirmed. On June 17, 586 new cases of the coronavirus infection. That help to cross more than 7000 confirmed cases in the country. On June 18, 671 new cases emerge, which is highest daily spikes in a single day. On June 19, 426 new cases of Covid-19 confirmed that makes more than 8000 coronavirus cases. On June 20, 331 new Covid-19 cases. On June 21, 421 new cases recorded that makes more than 9000 cases in Nepal. On June 22, 535 news cases recorded. On June 23, 538 new cases recorded which help to cross more than 10000 coronavirus cases. On June 24, 629 new cases emerge which is the highest spike in a single day. On June 25, 434 new cases found, which makes more 11000 confirmed cases of coronavirus. On June 26, 593 new cases of coronavirus confirmed. On June 27, 554 new cases recorded which make more than 12000 confirmed cases of Covid19. On June 28, 463 new cases of coronavirus reported. On June 29, 476 new cases confirmed with one death. Now more than 13000 confirmed case in Nepal. On June 30, 316 new cases confirmed. On July 1, another 482 new cases confirmed, that makes more than 14000 confirmed cases of Covid19 and also 1462 coronavirus patient recovered from it. On July 2, 473 new cases recorded, one death and 664 peoples recovered from it. On July 3, 740 news cases confirmed which massive increase in one single day, which makes cross more than 15000 confirmed cases of Covid-19. On July 4, 232 new cases with 2 more death occur. On July 5, 293 new cases recorded. On July 6, 180 new cases, one death and 264 recover patients. On July 7, 204 new cases reported which makes crossing more than 16000 cases of Covid-19 in the country. On July 8, 255 new cases of Covid-19 recorded. On July 9, 108 new cases of Covid-19. On July 10, 118 new cases of Covid-19. On July 11, 70 new cases emerge and 431 patients recover from it. On July 12, 82 new cases of Covid-19 and 147 peoples recovered, confirmed by MoHP. On July 13, 144 new cases confirmed and 1705 peoples recovered from it. On July 14, 116 new cases arise that make cross more than 17000 confirm cases in Nepal. On July 15, 116 new cases recorded and 697 persons recovered with one death from it. On July 16, 167 new cases emerge and 214 people recovered from it. On July 17, 101 new cases with one death from it and 285 people recovered. On July 18, 57 new cases of Covid-19 and 103 recovered from it. On July 19, 156 new cases and 58 peoples recovered. On July 20, 186 new cases and 173 peoples recovered from it. On July 21, 150 new cases and 609 recovered from it. On July 22, 100 new cases of coronavirus were confirmed, 2 more death and 207 discharged from it. It is also cross more than 18000 cases of Covid-19. On July 23, 147 new cases and 1 more death with 156 discharged from it. On July 24, 133 new cases, 1 death and 107 peoples discharged. On July 25, 109 new cases, 106 discharged and 1 death reported. On July 26, 130 new cases and 75 discharged. On July 27, 139 new cases, 3 death and 626 patients were discharged. On July 28, 311 new cases with Nepal having more than 19000 confirm cases and 1 death case. On July 29, 210 new cases confirmed and 146 discharged. On July 30, 274 new cases, 3 death and 227 discharged. On July 31, 224 new cases and 4 death cases. On August 1, 315 new cases recorded which makes cross over 20000 Covid-19 cases in Nepal and 93 patients were discharged in the past 24 hours. On August 2, 246 new cases, 111 discharged and 1 death. On August 3, 418 new cases recorded with 358 patients were discharged in the past 24 hours. On August 4, 259 new cases which help to cross more than 21000 confirmed cases, 1 death with 65 discharge. On August 5, 381 new cases, 2 more death with 130 patient discharged within past 24 hours.

Death Cases of Covid-19 in Nepal

On May 16, one 29 years female patient died due to coronavirus. It is first death cases confirmed by Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal.
On Sunday morning (May 17), a 25-year-old man from Banke who died from Covid-19, which 2nd death cases in Nepal.

On May 20, Another 41-year-old man from Gulmi who died from coronavirus which 3rd death cases in Nepal.

On May 25, a 70-year-old man from Bara who died on May 17 who died from coronavirus which 4th death cases in Nepal.

Nepal government reported 5th death cases of coronavirus which is a 56-year-old man from Bungmati in Lalitpur, who died on Wednesday i.e. on May 27.

Another death case of coronavirus, a 35-year-old man from Arghakhanchi who recently returned home from India died of coronavirus on Thursday i.e. May 28, which 6th death cases in Nepal.

On May 31, the number of death due to coronavirus reached 8. According to the Ministry of Health and population, 35-year-old man died in Dailekh on May 30 and 2 years old girl died on May 31 which is 8th death cases.

On June 3, A 76-year-old man from Dolakha, who had tested positive for Covid-19 and was admitted to the ICU at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, died on Wednesday. This is 9th death cases.

On June 4, 45-year-old man from Palpa, who became the 10th person to die due to Covid-19.

On June 5, a 28-year-old man from Surkhet died from coronavirus which is 11th death cases in Nepal.

On June 6, Nepal Government reported two more death due to coronavirus. A 58-year-old man, who died in home quarantine at Dolpa and a 55-year-old female from Dhangadhi, that makes 12th and 13th death cases.

On June 8, a 58-year-old male of Syangja died due to coronavirus which is 14th death cases in Nepal.

On June 9, a 68-year-old man from Bharatpur died due to coronavirus which is 15th death cases in Nepal.

On June 12, Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) confirmed a 57- year-old man from Arghakhanchi district died from coronavirus. Family sources said he had returned home from the Indian state of Maharashtra 12 days ago, which make 16th dead cases in Nepal.

On June 13, Nepal Government confirmed two more death due to coronavirus, a 5 years old boy and early 20s boy which makes 17th & 18th death cases in Nepal.

On June 14, another 36-year-old man from Gulmi died from coronavirus, which is 19th death cases.

On June 16, a 46-year-old woman from Banke district died from coronavirus, which is 20th death cases.

On June 18, Another two more peoples from Kailali died from coronavirus. A 46-year-old man and a 43-year-old woman from kailali, which makes 22nd death cases registered in Nepal.

On June 21, Ministry of Health confirmed a 69-year-old man from Gulmi died from coronavirus which is 23rd death cases in Nepal.

ON June 23, A 45-year-old man from Dailekh died from this disease which makes 24th death cases in Nepal.

On June 25, another two persons died due to coronavirus in Nepal. A 55 years old man from Syangja who was admitted to Gandaki Hospital, Pokhara died yesterday. He was kept in ICU with ventilator support. Another one is from Lalitpur. He was kidney patient and his treatment was going on with the support of Ventilator at Patan Hospital’s ICU. It is 25th and 26th death cases in Nepal.

On June 26, another death occurs,  A woman, tentatively aged 25 to 30 years, was found in an unconscious state by the police near Rapti Academy of Health Sciences (RAHS) in Dang on June 25. After testing swap of dead woman, coronavirus confirmed. So, it makes 27th death cases related to Covid19.

On June 27, a 50 years old man from Godavari Municipality-7 of Kailali District died from Coronavirus. he was also suffering from lung cancer. It makes 28th death cases in Nepal.

On June 29, a 30-year-old man from Fatuwa Bijaypur, Rautahat died from coronavirus who was suffering from lung ailments, which makes 29th death cases.

On July 1, a 45-year-old man from Ramaroshan Rural Municipality of Accham died due to COVID-19 infection. He was diabetes patient. It makes 30th death cases in Nepal.

On July 2, a 49-day-old baby from Myagdi who tested positive for COVID-19 died in course of treatment at the Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu. It makes 31st death cases from Covid19.

On July 3, an 85-year-old man from Kathmandu, who was admitted to a private hospital for chest pain and urine related ailments. He also suffering from High blood pressure and Parkinson’s disease. The throat swab of the man tested positive for COVID-19, It is 32nd death cases.

On July 4, 33rd & 34th death of COVID-19 positive patient in Nepal: A 44 years old man from Palungtar-7, Gorkha died in the isolation ward of Gorkha Hospital today morning. He was a diabetes patient & had developed pneumonia after infection. He came from Qatar on Ashar 17. Another 75 years old man from Devdaha, Rupandehi died on Aasar 17. He was a tuberculosis patient.

On July 6, a 29-year-old man from Nishikhola Rural Municipality-3 in Baglung district died from Covid-19. He is recently back from India and also having tuberculosis. It is 35th death cases in Nepal.

On July 8, 36th, 37th and 38th death of COVID-19 positive patients in Nepal; 60 years old man from Sankhamul, Kathmandu died on Ashar 26. He was kidney patient and his treatment was going on at Patan Hospital.

45 years old Male from Sindhupalchwok died on Ashar 25. He was Tuberculosis patient and treatment was going on at Patan Hospital.

54 years old male from Gokarneshwor-4, Kathmandu died on Ashar 25. He was also a kidney patient and treatment was going on at KMC, Sinamangal.

On July 15, a 36-year-old man from Rautahat district, who was staying at a quarantine facility in his home village Parroha Municipality-7 in the district after returning from Mumbai, India, died in the course of treatment at the Narayani Hospital in Birgunj. It is 39th death cases of coronavirus.

On July 17, A 73-year-old man from Rajbiraj Municipality Ward No. 1, Saptari district, who was on ventilator support at BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences in Dharan, died at 10:15 pm on Thursday. It is 40th death cases of Covid-19.

On July 22, two more death occur due to coronavirus. A  49-year-old Chinese woman, who earlier tested positive for COVID-19. She she was a heart patient.

A 60-year-old man from Mahottari died from Covid-19 which makes total 42th death cases in Nepal.

On July 23, a 70-year-old man from Maisthan, Birgunj, succumbed to the coronavirus infection on Wednesday. It is 43rd death cases in Nepal.

On July 24, 85-year-old woman from Birgunj Metropolitan City Ward 11 in Parsa district died of Covid-19 at Narayani Hospital on Friday morning. She was a heart and pneumonia patient. This death includes 44th death cases in Nepal due to Covid-19.

On July 25, a 17-year-old female from Parwarnipur-8, Bara, died of this disease on Friday evening while undergoing treatment at the Gandak COVID-19 Hospital in Birgunj. This is 45th death cases in Nepal.

46th, 47th and 48th death of COVID-19 positive patients in Nepal: 65 years old male, Indian Citizen. His treatment was going on at Gandak Hospital. He died on Shrawan 11.

36 years old male from Dhanusha. He died on Shrawan 11.

Another is 60 years old male from Bara. His treatment was going on at Teaching Hospital. He died on Shrawan 12.

On July 28, a 65-year-old male of Bungal Rural Municipality-3 in Bajhang district died from Covid-19 on July 24. This 49th death cases.

50th, 51st and 52nd death of COVID-19 positive patients in Nepal: 45 years old male from Morang. His treatment was going on at BP Koirala Swasthya Pratishthan. He died on Shrawan 14.

70 years old male from Birgunj. His treatment was going on at Narayani Hospital. He died on Shrawan 14.he was a diabetic and had heart-related ailments.

Another is 68 years old male from Birgunj. His treatment was going on at National Medical College. He died on Shrawan 14. He had kidney-related ailments and suffered from diarrhoea.

53rd, 54th, 55th and 56th death of COVID-19 positive patients in Nepal. 56 years old male from Birgunj. His treatment was going on at Gandak Hospital. He died on Shrawan 15.

35 years old male from Birgunj. His treatment was going on at Gandak Hospital. He died on Shrawan 15.

65 years old male from Birgunj. He died on Shrawan 15.

Another is 65 years old woman from Birgunj (Currently at Lalitpur). Her treatment was going on at Patan Hospital. She was a diabetic and had issues with blood pressure. She died on Shrawan 16.

On August 2, 68 years old woman from Birgunj. Her treatment was going on at Narayani Vayodha Hospital, Birgunj. She died on Shrawan 17. She was also a patient of high blood pressure and Sugar. This is 57th death case in Nepal.

On August 4, a 77-year-old man from Biratnagar Metropolitan City Ward 5 in Morang died at the isolation facility of Koshi Hospital on August 3. He was a diabetic and had high blood pressure. This is 58th death cases.

On August 5, 18 years old female from Birgunj. She was suffering from diarrhoea. She died on Shrawan 19. Another is 46 years old male from Birgunj. His treatment was going on at Covid Hospital, Birgunj. The patient with diabetes was admitted for symptoms of fever and cough. He died on Shrawan 21.  This is 59th and 60th deathlockdown pheri  cases.

On 13th March 2020, Government of Nepal has decided to cancel visa-on-arrival for the all foreign nationals which will be in effect from 14th March 2020 to 30th April 2020.

From June 17, Department of Immigration Nepal resumes the visa service.

immigration notice
Immigration notice

On 18th March 2020, Nepal Government decision to restriction flight arrival in Nepal. According to the Nepal Department of Immigration, from March 20, 2020 at midnight local time until April 12, 2020, “all passengers coming through direct flights, having a transit at, and taking the first flight of their origin in Europe, West-Asia, and all the Gulf Countries, Turkey, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan are subjected to Arrival Restrictions in Nepal. Again Nepal government suspend all national and international flight until July 5.

Nepal Government restriction arrival flight notice
Nepal Government restriction arrival flight notice

On 23th March 2020, Nepal Government decides to lockdown whole country from tomorrow (March 24) for a week, amid concerns over the spread of COVID-19. From that, Nepal Government extend lockdown period til June 2. This is the 8th times extend lockdown period by Nepal Government.

 

Coronavirus (COVID-19) live tracking dashboard by Johns Hopkins University

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