Recently, we heard about virus called ” Novel Coronavirus“.  Everybody talking about this virus. so, we write about this article to understand better about Novel Coronavirus.

What is a Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. They are typically spread through airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals in humans. At the end of 2019, a new type of coronavirus emerged that help to make people sick in China. Now, New Coronavirus named as “COVID-19”  by WHO. On March 12, 2020, WHO declared COVID-19 outbreak became “global pandemic“.

At the end of 2019, a new type of coronavirus began making people sick in China. You might hear the virus called COVID-19. Some of the first cases were diagnosed in people who had visited a market selling live seafood and animals.

According to WHO,

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).  A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

It was discovered and detail described in the 1960s, the coronavirus gets name from a distinctive corona or crown-like shape from the envelope surrounding the particle. Encoding the virus’s make-up is the longest genome of any RNA-based virus – a single strand of nucleic acid roughly 26,000 to 32,000 bases long.

Coronaviruses COVID-19
This illustration, created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reveals ultrastructural morphology exhibited by the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Note the spikes that adorn the outer surface of the virus, which impart the look of a corona surrounding the virion, when viewed electron microscopically. Images from Wikipedia.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic meaning they are transmitted between animals and human. Previous coronavirus like SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to human. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. Now recently spread coronavirus (COVID-19), scientists believe to virus spread through live animal markets from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

How dangerous is the new coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) which is emerged from Wuhan, China in December. Noval Coronavirus (COVID-19) is transmitted more rapidly to humans compared to SARS, though it is less virulent. Scientists believe, one infected individuals can transmitted average 2 to 3 peoples.

Currently, COVID-19 infected more than 6.2 millions peoples confirmed case, more than 2.6 million recovery case, death case is more than 380000 and also increasing rapidly day by day. It infected more than 200 countries around the world. WHO confirmed the virus’ fatality rate is around 3.4%, but health experts predict it could ultimately be lower as more cases are reported. Most of those who have died, were older age peoples or had other ailments that comprised their immune system much more vulnerable than the young. About 80% of patients have experienced mild symptoms, according to new report from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention that looked at 72,314 cases. It’s the largest analysis released so far. If we compared to SARS and MERS with COVID-19, SARS fatality rate is 10% and MERS fatality rate is 33%. For comparison, seasonal flu has a mortality rate below 0.1 per cent but it infects so many people that it results in about 400,000 deaths a year worldwide. Spanish flu infected an estimated 500m people and killed 50m worldwide in 1918-19.

How does the virus spread and what is the incubation period? 

The virus spread through airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals to other humans. The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 2-14 days, most commonly around five days but some of the study show upto 28 days.

Symptoms of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19)

  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Dry cough
  • Headaches and pains (some patients)
  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat or diarrhoea (rare)

Prevention from COVID-19

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

  • Wash your hands frequently with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water for at least 20 seconds
  • Maintain social distancing / Avoid close contact
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
  • Cover nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing with tissue or flexed elbow
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
  • Avoid direct, unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals
  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked animal products and exercise care when handling raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods.

Coronavirus Explained by Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell (Must Watch)

Timetable of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Timeline of coronavirus (COVID-19)
Timeline of coronavirus (COVID-19) by Al Jazeera
Statistic: Number of cumulative cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) worldwide from January 22 to March 13, 2020, by day | Statista
Number of cumulative cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) by Statista

Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Nepal

Nepal confirmed its first and only case on 24 January 2020. The patient had only presented mild symptoms and had been discharged a week earlier with instructions to self-quarantine at home which is recovered from this virus. Nepal Government tested more than 71916 PCR method and 113757 RDT method on suspected individuals but 1811 of them has coronavirus positive and 8 death cases.

The government has taken various precautions to prevent the spread of disease in Nepal. It evacuated Nepali students from Hubei in February and quarantined them in Bhaktapur, all of whom tested negative.

On 23rd March 2020, The Ministry of Health and Population has confirmed that one person who travelled to Nepal from France has tested positive for coronavirus. With this, two cases of the new coronavirus have been confirmed in Nepal.

Currently (30 May), Nepal detected 1811 confirmed case of novel coronavirus, 221 recovered and 8 death from it.

On May 12, 83 peoples infected coronavirus cases in a single day. On May 25 and 26, 79  and 90 peoples infected with coronavirus respectively. It shows a coronavirus increase day by day. On May 27, 114 cases of coronavirus which is highest record in a single day. 156 cases of coronavirus infected peoples in a single day on May 28, which can cross more than 1000 coronavirus in the country. On May 29, 170 new cases of coronavirus which is the highest record in a single day. Another day (May 30) with highest new coronavirus cases which is 189 peoples infected. On May 31, 166 new cases of coronavirus. On June 1, 239 new cases of coronavirus which is highest increase in a single day.

On May 16, one 29 years female patient died due to coronavirus. It is first death cases confirmed by Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal.
On Sunday morning (May 17), a 25-year-old man from Banke who died from Covid-19, which 2nd death cases in Nepal.

On May 20, Another 41-year-old man from Gulmi who died from coronavirus which 3rd death cases in Nepal.

On May 25, a 70-year-old man from Bara who died on May 17 who died from coronavirus which 4th death cases in Nepal.

Nepal government reported 5th death cases of coronavirus which is a 56-year-old man from Bungmati in Lalitpur, who died on Wednesday i.e. on May 27.

Another death case of coronavirus, a 35-year-old man from Arghakhanchi who recently returned home from India died of coronavirus on Thursday i.e. May 28, which 6th death cases in Nepal.

On May 31, the number of death due to coronavirus reached 8. According to the Ministry of Health and population, 35-year-old man died in Dailekh on May 30 and 2 years old girl died on May 31 which is 8th death cases.

On 13th March 2020, Government of Nepal has decided to cancel visa-on-arrival for the all foreign nationals which will be in effect from 14th March 2020 to 30th April 2020. (below image)

notice of nepal visa
Notice of Nepal visa

On 18th March 2020, Nepal Government decision to restriction flight arrival in Nepal. According to the Nepal Department of Immigration, from March 20, 2020 at midnight local time until April 12, 2020, “all passengers coming through direct flights, having a transit at, and taking the first flight of their origin in Europe, West-Asia, and all the Gulf Countries, Turkey, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan are subjected to Arrival Restrictions in Nepal. Again Nepal government suspend all national and international flight til May 31.

Nepal Government restriction arrival flight notice
Nepal Government restriction arrival flight notice

On 23th March 2020, Nepal Government decides to lockdown whole country from tomorrow (March 24) for a week, amid concerns over the spread of COVID-19. From that, Nepal Government extend lockdown period til June 2. This is the 6th times extend lockdown period by Nepal Government.

temporary shutdown of visa services

Notice of temporary shutdown of visa services

Coronavirus (COVID-19) live tracking dashboard by Johns Hopkins University

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